One of the most important factors militating against the improvement of sports in Nigeria today is the lack of power control. Many answers are being proffered with the aid of involved and patriotic Nigerians each day to bail us out of the quagmire. One of such solutions is this newsletter entitled “Modern Trends in Sports Administration and Management.” It is written via Dr. Joseph Awoyinfa, a lecturer in the Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Faculty of Education, University of Lagos, Nigeria; a researcher and academic representative. I became the character invited using the author and the university to study the ebook when it became provided to the general public on December four, 2008, in Nigeria.
According to Awoyinfa, it’s far a truism everywhere globally that sport is now a reference difficulty that can now not be unnoticed at numerous sectors of the economic system and spheres of lifestyles. The author adds that this newsletter, for this reason, takes a critical take a look at topical problems in sports administration and management, living on theories and ideas of cutting-edge developments in sports activities management and management, including leadership, business enterprise, planning, motivation, and so forth.
The textual content contains 16 chapters. Chapter one is christened “the idea of sports management.” Here, Awoyinfa says management is an idea that suggests different things to exceptional people at different times, as a result, main to its multiplicity of definitions. He explains that control has been variously described as an artwork, a technology, someone or humans, a discipline, and a system.
This writer expatiates that as an artwork, sports activities control is all about carrying out sports organizational functions and responsibilities through human beings; simultaneously, as for technological know-how, sports control is ready to organize sports philosophy, laws, theories, principles, methods, and practices. As a business enterprise, according to him, sports management is described as a means of creating formal structures and an established order based totally on an undertaking, objectives, goals, functions, and obligations.
Awoyinfa says that sports control might also refer to the top by myself or to all of the senior body of workers, committee, and many others as someone or group of human beings.; whilst as a subject, control is a field of examining with numerous subjects and topics. The author illuminates that sports activities management as a procedure is ready a scientific way of doing things. Awoyinfa highlights control functions in sports management as making plans, organizing, staffing, directing/main, controlling, coordination, budgeting, and evaluation. On whom a sports activities supervisor is, this writer educates that a sports activities manager is every person at any stage of the game agency who directs the efforts of different human beings towards the fulfillment of organizational desires recreation-wise.
The chapter is primarily based on the difficult matter of evolution and tendencies of sports activities control notion. Here, Awoyinfa discloses that the development of thoughts on sports control dates again to the days while human beings first attempted to perform desires using working collectively in a collection. In his words, “There turned into extreme thinking and theorizing approximately handling a few years before the sunrise of the twentieth (20th) century, which marked the beginning of current sports activities control idea. Major efforts to broaden theories and principles of sports management started in the early 20th (20th) century with the paintings of Frederick Taylor and Henri Fayol. The industrial revolution of the nineteenth (nineteenth) century probably supplied the weather for this very extreme theorizing.”
Awoyinfa provides that for the reason that turn of the 20th century, writers on sports control and commercial enterprise principle had been propounding exceptional theories about a way to control work and personnel extra efficiently and successfully. This creator educates that the 3 predominant schools of control notion are: the classical, the human-behavioral, and the integrative. Awoyinfa additionally highlights early sports activities management theorists, principles and traits of clinical control, appraisal of the clinical management theory, and so on. in this bankruptcy.
Chapter three is thematically labeled “ideas of sports activities management.” In this chapter, the instructional consultant explains that sports activities principles are the primary laws on which sports management is built. Therefore, he provides that control principles need to be based on general phrases for them to be relevant inside game companies of varying sizes and men or women. “Modern sports managers and administrators are anticipated for you to become aware of and use suitable standards that are relevant to precise situations. This is because no unmarried precept can shape all administrative conditions,” submits Awoyinfa.
He says the essential ideas of sports activities are the ones applicable to all sports corporations. Because of their standard acceptability, they are once in a while called “regularly occurring concepts of sports control.” This author expatiates that a number of these concepts are: obligation, a delegation of authority, and communication. Regarding humanitarian ideas of sports management, Awoyinfa identifies these as democracy, justice, human members of the family, sympathy, empathy, consideration, and humility.
In bankruptcy 4, primarily based on behavioral and motivational theories in sports activities business enterprise, the author says people are specific creatures as they behave differently underneath distinctive situations and are mainly tough to expect. Awoyinfa stresses that considering that people represent the most vital detail in sports company, sports activities managers need a little information of why human beings behave in one manner or the opposite, so they (sports activities managers) can have an impact on humans to carry out precisely the way sports activities enterprises discover ideal.
One amazing device this author shows that may be used to elicit overall performance in athletes is motivation. In his phrases, “Motivation is something wanted in sports organizations to make employees perform.
However, it has been a crucial and a confusing concern for sports activities managers.” Awoyinfa similarly discusses improvement of motivational standards in sports organization; software of motivational theories to sports activities control; strategies of behavior modification, and so on., in this bankruptcy.
In chapters five to ten, the writer beams his analytical searchlight on concern matters including control strategies in sports business enterprise; the idea of sports activities agency; putting the layout in sports activities corporation; the concept of making plans in sports activities administration; making sports enterprises greater powerful in Nigeria and staffing in sports firms.
Chapter 11 is based totally on communication strategies in sports enterprises. According to Awoyinfa, communication is an essential element in any organizational effectiveness because organizations can’t function successfully whilst communique capabilities are lacking among individuals. “Since conversation is the shifting spirit in an enterprise, its absence might also make firms standstill,” asserts this creator.
In chapters 12 to 16, Awoyinfa X-rays concepts such as organizational modifications and development in sports activities administration; leadership in sports activities management and control; management and control of soccer as a teacher; coaching human kinetics and fitness schooling in colleges and schools; and company and administration of schools at diverse tiers of schooling.
As regards mode of presentation, this article ratings a skip mark. For example, the language is understandable, and the ideas are brilliantly articulated. The simplicity of the language is anticipated, given the writer’s dual professional background as a lecturer and pastor. To ensure a smooth look at the text on the readers’ component, Awoyinfa highlights the targets of every chapter at the start and ends with overview/revision questions.
What’s extra, he creatively embroiders the text with pictures (pages 50, 97, 317, 330, 338, 395, and many others.) to decorate readers’ expertise thru visible communication. Awoyinfa consists of references at the end of every chapter to fulfill the academic obligation of supply disclosure and provide readers with possibilities to read extra. The inclusion of many references also confirms the intensity of his research. His use of visible distinction for the phrase “Modern Trends” within the title is emphatically innovative.
If chapters that honestly make this article certified as a compendium of cutting-edge answers to the administrative and control issues plaguing our sports activities development in Nigeria, they’re chapters 4, eight, 11, and 13. This is because they speak motivation, planning, verbal exchange, and management, respectively.
Meanwhile, the thematically best chapter of all is chapter 4. The truth that it is consciously or unconsciously taken to be the finest bankruptcy unearths practical expression in the deeper verbal exchange and cohesion between its problem count on the one hand and the outer front cover’s allegorical visuals or metaphorical pix consisting of purpose post, cyclists racing, a garden tennis participant poised for action along with her bat, sprinters competing and footballers struggling for ball possession, alternatively. These are pics used, for example, in motivational discourse.